Contributions

Do state laws that pro­hib­it employ­ers from dis­crim­i­nat­ing against employ­ees on the basis of med­ical mar­i­jua­na card­hold­er sta­tus effec­tive­ly pro­tect card­hold­er employ­ees? In this Con­tri­bu­tion, Tian Lei (’21) argues that when courts rec­og­nize and legit­imize employ­ers’ inter­est in main­tain­ing drug-free work-place poli­cies, card­hold­er employ­ees become espe­cial­ly vul­ner­a­ble to adverse employ­ment action. This Con­tri­bu­tion estab­lish­es that drug-free work­place poli­cies often leave card­hold­er employ­ees with a choice between their health and their job and that the scope and legit­i­ma­cy of such poli­cies must be inter­ro­gat­ed if the law is to pro­tect med­ical mar­i­jua­na card­hold­ers from employ­ment dis­crim­i­na­tion.

Contributions

Can a term in a col­lec­tive bar­gain­ing agree­ment dis­place state law under any cir­cum­stance? How should a court bal­ance the need for con­sis­tent, nation­wide labor stan­dards with con­sti­tu­tion­al con­cerns for pre­serv­ing States’ police pow­ers? In this Con­tri­bu­tion, Micaela Heery (’19) offers an ana­lyt­i­cal frame­work for resolv­ing these pre­emp­tion issues under the Labor Man­age­ment Rela­tions Act. This Con­tri­bu­tion argues that the right legal analy­sis must con­sid­er both whether a claim aris­es inde­pen­dent­ly of the col­lec­tive bar­gain­ing agree­ment and whether pre­emp­tion would be appro­pri­ate giv­en Con­gress’ pow­er over inter­state com­merce and notions of state sov­er­eign­ty.