Is This What We Bargained For?: Allowing the Preemption of State Law through Collective Bargaining Agreements

Can a term in a collective bargaining agreement displace state law under any circumstance? How should a court balance the need for consistent, nationwide labor standards with constitutional concerns for preserving States' police powers? In this Contribution, Micaela Heery ('19) offers an analytical framework for resolving these preemption issues under the Labor Management Relations Act. This Contribution argues that the right legal analysis must consider both whether a claim arises independently of the collective bargaining agreement and whether preemption would be appropriate given Congress' power over interstate commerce and notions of state sovereignty.